Accession Number: NEKHC:2009.28

Object: Yellow Star

Category: Star of David; Anti-Jewish Laws; Anti-Semitism; Badges

Physical Description: Material yellow star with black interior. Has 'Jood' written in centre of star. The reverse of star has part of a striped uniform still attached to it.  

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Under the Nazi regime Jewish people were forced to wear identifiers such as Star of David armbands or badges. The Jewish Stars had to have the word 'Jew' written in the middle, 'Jood' is Dutch for 'Jew'.

Further Information

The identifying badges were often sewn onto a person’s clothing either on the arm, chest, back or all of those places. The intention was to isolate, harass and humiliate Jewish people, and further embedded Nazi ideology that Jewish people were different from everyone else by marking them out from the rest of the population.

Sources:

Fischel, Jack (2010) Historical Dictionary of the Holocaust Maryland: Scarecrow Press Inc.

Germany (1941) Deutsches Reichsgesetzblatt [German Reich Law Journal] Police Regulation for the Labelling of Jews (September 1, 1941) Part 1: 547 [Online]. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=1941&size=45&page=575 (Accessed: 20 January 2015).

Gutman, Israel (ed.) (1990) Encyclopedia of the Holocaust Jerusalem: Yad Vashem.

Holocaust Memorial Day Trust ‘23/11/1939: Introduction of the yellow star for Polish Jews’, HMDT [Online]. Available at: http://hmd.org.uk/content/23111939-introduction-yellow-star-polish-jews (Accessed 20 January 2015).      

Rozett, Robert and Spector, Schmuel (2000) Encyclopedia of the Holocaust Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

Shoah Resource Centre ‘Badge, Jewish’ Yad Vashem [Online]. http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/microsoft%20word%20-%2059.pdf (Accessed 20 January 2015).