Vera Price; Employment Exchange Card Accession Number: NEKHC:2012.25.2 Object: Employment Exchange Card Category: Vera Price; The Vera Price Collection; Germany; Poland; Britain; Refugee Physical Description: Brown card printed with black ink. Black handwritten ink. Complete. Image Use: Use of images owned by the National Holocaust Centre and Museum is governed by our Terms and Conditions. Information: The National Holocaust Centre and Museum takes all reasonable measures to ensure we are not infringing on the rights of others. If you are the owner of the copyright or related rights in any of the material from our collections on this website, or you believe that the material may be subject to a third party ownership or another legal claim, and you believe its use infringes your intellectual property or any other rights, please contact us on email@example.com We endeavour to resolve objections in a timely manner, and will withdraw affected materials from the website until the matter is resolved. The information you provide will be treated as confidential and will be used only in connection with this enquiry. This document forms part of the Vera Price Collection. It is the employment exchange card issued to Vera's father Richard after his arrival into the United Kingdom. Further Information This Employment Exchange card was donated by Vera Price. The document had been issued to Vera’s father, Richard, who after entering the United Kingdom as a refugee from Nazi persecution of Jewish people was classed as an alien. The card has a note handwritten on it drawing attention to Vera’s father’s status as an alien and that he cannot work without permission. Vera's parents had remained in Germany, until after Vera’s older sister Ursel, was born. In 1933, due to the threat against Jewish people, the family moved to Katowitz, Poland, thinking the family would be safer. Vera’s mother crossed the border to a hospital in Beuthen, Germany, to give birth to Vera in 1935. In 1939 Vera’s father, a leather merchant, decided the family were no longer safe, and made arrangements for them to emigrate to Australia, which his brothers and sisters had already done. The family were granted Australian visas, and in July 1939 Vera’s father left for England to arrange a stopover in England during the family’s travel to Australia. Vera’s maternal grandmother, Doris, and her mother’s younger sister, Alice, were already in England at this time. Two weeks after her father had left, Vera, her mother and sister joined him in London having flown to Britain. Some of their goods were already in the process of being shipped to Australia, however due to the outbreak of the Second World War the family are unable to continue their journey on to Australia. The family all live in one room in Maida Vale for about a year and shared a bathroom with other families including her grandmother and Aunt Alice. Vera’s father was very ill with heart trouble, but got to know a German refugee living in the area who made salamis, and another who made chocolates. Ursel and Alice got hold of bicycles and cycled around selling the sausages and chocolates. They then moved to a house with Aunt Alice, and Vera’s grandmother. In 1941 Richard and Suse took over a small delicatessen in Finchley Road, helped by the rest of the family. Vera’s father did not recover his health, and died in 1942, aged 43. Ursel married an officer in the Polish Army and went on to run her own delicatessen in Willesden Green. Vera’s mother remarried in 1947 to a man who had himself come from Germany, and was now in the Pioneer Corps. Vera’s education remained important to her mother, and she went to an excellent grammar school before taking a modern languages secretarial course and later meeting her husband.