Accession Number: NEKHC:2009.73

Object: Currency

Category: Mittelbau-Dora; The Nazi Camp System; Currency

Physical Description: .01 RM note from Mittelbau-Dora Camp Complex. Has serial number 003225 printed on reverse. 

Image Use: Use of images owned by the National Holocaust Centre and Museum is governed by our Terms and Conditions.


 This .01 RM note is currency from the Mittelbau-Dora camp complex in Germany. The paper chits could be used within the camp complex. 

Further Information

Mittelbau-Dora was a forced labour and concentration camp complex, it operated between 1943 and 1945, north of Nordhausen, near the Harz Mountains, Germany. Originally as a sub-camp of Buchenwald Concentration Camp, Dora became the main camp in a group of Buchenwald sub-camps which were merged to form an independent concentration camp complex known as Mittelbau-Dora in October 1944. V-2, and later V-1 missiles were produced in the camp complex underground following successful allied air raids on former, above ground, production sites. During the period of operation over 60,000 people were held in the camp complex and used as forced labourers. Conditions were inhumane and many people were murdered by the conditions, forced labour, and brutal treatment.

Sources

Blatman, Daniel (2011) Death Marches: The Final Phase of Nazi Genocide. Translated from Hebrew by Chaya Galai, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation “Buried alive’: Dora in the Autumn of 1943’, Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation [Online]. Available at: http://www.buchenwald.de/en/338/ (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation ‘Spring of 1944: The Gradual Move to the Barrack Camp’, Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation [Online]. Available at: http://www.buchenwald.de/en/342/ (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation ‘Summer of 1944: The Development of the Mittelbau-Dora Concentration Camp Complex’, Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation [Online]. Available at: http://www.buchenwald.de/en/344/ (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation ‘Vacation’, Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation [Online]. Available at: http://www.buchenwald.de/en/575/ (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation ‘DP and Repatriation Camp’, Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation [Online]. Available at: http://www.buchenwald.de/en/578/ (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Neufeld, Michael ‘Mittelbau: First Phase’, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007318 (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Neufeld, Michael ‘Mittelbau: Aftermath and Trials’, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007321 (Accessed 22 January 2015).

Neufeld, Michael ‘Mittelbau: Conditions’, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007319 (Accessed 22 January 2015).