Accession Number: NEKHC:2013.12

Object: Album

Category: Refugee; Ellen Rawson; Kindertransport; Life before the Holocaust.

Physical Description: Paper and card photograph album, brown cardboard cover. Photographs glued directly into the album.

Information on Item: This photograph album forms part of the Ellen Rawson Collection. The album contained photographs of Ellen's family life before the Holocaust.

Image Use: Use of images owned by the National Holocaust Centre and Museum is governed by our Terms and Conditions.


Ellen was born in 1922 in Königsberg, East Prussia. The family lived there happily during Ellen’s early childhood. They kept many of the Jewish holidays, and religion was an important part of family life. This album had been compiled by Ellen's parents during the 1920s. It mostly shows Ellen and her younger brother, Gert, as babies. The two were very close in age, as Gert was also born in 1922, in December. The pair were very close as young children as Ellen's youngest brother Heinz, was not born until 1928. As the family were Jewish, their business and home was taken from them during the Holocaust. Ellen survived as she was sent away from the increasing persecution to England on the Kindertransport, her parents were murdered by the Nazi regime. This album had been saved by the family's nanny, who had stayed on looking after the children, particularly Heinz. She kept the album in safe keeping during the Holocaust and for many following years until 1984, when she was able to send it to Ellen who had settled in England.