Accession Number: NEKHC:2013.20

Object: Letter

Category: Refugee; Ellen Rawson; Kindertransport; Life before the Holocaust.

Physical Description: Paper, fountain pen ink, ink from a stamp, and printed ink.

Information on Item: This letter forms part of the Ellen Rawson Collection. It was written in 1937 and is a summons for Ellen's father to appear before local police for reasons of proving his military service. 

Image Use: Use of images owned by the National Holocaust Centre and Museum is governed by our Terms and Conditions.


This letter forms part of the Ellen Rawson Collection, Ellen was born in 1922 in Königsberg, East Prussia. The family lived there happily during Ellen’s early childhood. They kept many of the Jewish holidays, and religion was an important part of family life. This letter is a summons compelling Ellen's father, Hans, to report to the local police registration office to provide an official record of his military service. The document is dated January 1937, and gives Hans specified dates during April 1937 in which to appear. Along with the official summons letter, Ellen's father was instructed to bring photographs and several identification documents. The letter states that punishment would follow a failure to comply with the summons. As the family were Jewish, their business and home was taken from them during the Holocaust. Ellen survived as she was sent away from the increasing persecution to England on the Kindertransport, however her parents were murdered by the Nazi regime.