Accession Number: NEKHC:2009.185.1-16

Object: Photographs

Category: Bergen-Belsen; The Nazi Camp System

Physical Description:  16 photographs of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

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These 16 photographs were taken during the liberation of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp. They show piles of corpses, bodies being buried, survivors, and perpetrators.    

Further Information

Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp was established by the Nazi regime near Celle, Lower Saxony, Northern Germany. From 1940 until 1943 Bergen-Belsen operated solely as a Prisoner of War (POW) camp. The WVHA eventually designated Bergen-Belsen a concentration camp which during operation held Jewish people, political prisoners, Roma people, Jehovah’s Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals and others considered undesirable by the Nazi regime, as well as POWs. Conditions were horrific, around 52,000 people were murdered in Bergen-Belsen through starvation, disease, and brutal treatment.
Soldiers from the British 11th Armoured Division entered and liberated the Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp complex without a fight on 15, April 1945. Bergen-Belsen was the first camp liberated by British forces.
Bergen-Belsen displaced person’s camp was established by British forces in a former Military School Barracks near the site of the concentration camp. It became the largest displaced persons camp in Europe.

Sources:

Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen (2015) ‘Chronology’, Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen [Online]. Available at: http://bergen-belsen.stiftung-ng.de/en/news/history/chronology.html (Accessed 2 April 2015).

Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen (2015) ‘The POW Camp (1940-1945)’, Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen [Online]. Available at: http://bergen-belsen.stiftung-ng.de/en/history/pow-camps.html (Accessed 2 April 2015).

Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen (2015) ‘The Concentration Camp (1943-1945)’, Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen [Online]. Available at: http://bergen-belsen.stiftung-ng.de/en/history/concentration-camp.html (Accessed 2 April 2015).

Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen (2015) ‘The Displaced Persons Camp (1945-1950)’, Gedenkstätte Bergen-Belsen [Online]. Available at: http://bergen-belsen.stiftung-ng.de/en/history/dp-camp.html (Accessed 2 April 2015).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2014) ‘Bergen-Belsen’ (20 June 2014), Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005224 (Accessed 5 April 2015).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2014) ‘Bergen-Belsen: Timeline’ (20 June 2014), Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007510 (Accessed 5 April 2015).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2014) ‘Bergen-Belsen: Camp Complex’ (20 June 2014), Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007778 (Accessed 5 April 2015).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2014) ‘Bergen-Belsen: Displaced Persons Camp’ (20 June 2014), Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007066 (Accessed 5 April 2015).

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (2014) ‘The 11th Armoured Division’ (20 June 2014), Holocaust Encyclopedia, USHMM [Online]. Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10006188 (Accessed 5 April 2015).

Shoah Resource Centre ‘Bergen-Belsen’, Yad Vashem [Online]. Available at: http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205985.pdf (Accessed 2 April 2015).

Shepherd, Ben (2005) After Daybreak: The Liberation of Belsen, 1945 London: Pimlico.

Yad Vashem ‘Bergen-Belsen’, Yad Vashem [Online]. Available at: http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/this_month/resources/bergen_belsen.asp (Accessed 2 April 2015).